Valentina I.Gusakova1, Lubov N. Podladchikova1, Dmitry G. Shaposhnikov1,
Sergey N.Markin1, Alexander V. Golovan1,2, Seong Whan Lee2
1A.B.Kogan Research Institute for Neurocybernetics, Rostov State University, Russia
2Center for Artificial Vision Research, Korea University, Korea
At present, in computer vision, the approach based on modeling the biological vision mechanisms is extensively developed. However, up to now, real world image processing has no effective solution in frameworks of both biologically inspired and conventional approaches. Evidently, new algorithms and system architectures based on advanced biological motivation should be developed for solution of computational problems related to this visual task. Basic problems that should be solved for creation of effective artificial visual system to process real world images are a search for new algorithms of low- level image processing that, in a great extent, determine system performance. In the present paper, the results of psychophysical experiments and several advanced biologically motivated algorithms for low-level processing are presented. These algorithms are based on local space-variant filter, context encoding visual information presented in the center of input window, and automatic detection of perceptually important image fragments. The core of latter algorithm (the cascade method) are using local feature conjunctions such as noncolinear oriented segment and composite feature map formation. Developed algorithms were integrated into foveal active vision model, the MARR. It is supposed that proposed algorithms may significantly improve model performance while real world image processing during memorizing, search, and recognition.
Keywords: Active vision, low-level processing, facial images, perceptually important regions